Here’s a document that I currently have open on my screen (the photo is from the Fotolia image library):
I want to add some text along the bottom of the document, so I’ll select my Type Tool from the Tools panel:
With the Type Tool selected, I’ll choose a font and font style from the Options Bar:
To change my type color, I’ll click on the color swatch in the Options Bar. At the moment, my type is set to its default color of black:
Clicking the color swatch opens Photoshop’s Color Picker, but instead of choosing a color from the Color Picker, I’m going to sample a color directly from the image. To do that, with the Color Picker still open, I’ll move my mouse cursor over the photo, which temporarily switches me to the Eyedropper Tool. I’ll move the eyedropper over an area of the image that contains the color I want for my text, then I’ll click on that area to sample the color:
With my color sampled, I’ll click OK to close out of the Color Picker. The color swatch in the Options Bar now displays the new color:
All I need to do now is choose a size for my type, but this is where we run into a bit of a problem. Normally, to set the font size, we use the Font Size option in the Options Bar. We can either enter a value manually into the input box or we can click on the small arrow to the right of the input box and choose from a list of common preset sizes. That’s great if I happen to know the exact font size I need, but in this case, as in most cases, I don’t, which means I have to guess, usually with little to no chance of getting it right. Since I have to pick something, I’ll choose a preset size of 48 pt. That seems like a good choice:
With my font size chosen and all of my other type options set, I’ll click inside the document with the Type Tool in roughly the spot where I want my type to begin, then I’ll add my text. When I’m done, I’ll press Ctrl+Enter (Win) /Command+Return (Mac) on my keyboard to accept the text. Here’s what my first attempt looks like with my type set to 48 pt:
Looks like my first guess at a font size was way off. The text is much too small, but I still don’t know the specific size I need. All I know so far is that it needs to be larger than 48 pt. This leaves me with a few options. I could try choosing a different, larger size from the list of preset sizes (although the largest preset size is only 72 pt which still may not be large enough), or I could try entering my own value manually into the Font Size input box, but what should that value be? This “trial and error” approach to setting the font size in the Options Bar can get frustrating very quickly. There must be an easier way to do this.
As it turns out, there is, but it doesn’t involve the Font Size option in the Options Bar. Instead, I’m going to use Photoshop’s Free Transform command. To access the Free Transform command, first make sure your Type layeris selected in the Layers panel:
With the Type layer active, go up to the Edit menu in the Menu Bar along the top of the screen and choose Free Transform. You can also press Ctrl+T (Win) / Command+T (Mac) to quickly select Free Transform with the keyboard shortcut:
This places the Free Transform bounding box and handles around the text, and we can now scale the text to any size we need simply by dragging the handles! This will also give us a live preview of the results as we’re resizing the text, which means we can easily scale it to the correct size with no guess work needed. Since type in Photoshop is made from vectors, not pixels, we’re free to scale it as much as we want without any loss of image quality.
To scale the text, hold down the Shift key on your keyboard, then click and drag any of the four corner handles(the little squares). Holding the Shift key down as you drag the handles tells Photoshop to keep the original aspect ratio of the type intact so you don’t stretch and distort the shapes of the letters. When you’re done scaling the text, release your mouse button, then release your Shift key (make sure you release your mouse button before releasing the Shift key, otherwise you may still end up distorting the text):
You can also move the text into position while Free Transform is active. Simply click anywhere inside the Free Transform bounding box and, with your mouse button still held down, drag the type to its new location. There’s no need to hold the Shift key down when moving the text. Here, I’m centering my text in the document:
When you’re happy with the size and position of your type, press Enter (Win) / Return (Mac) on your keyboard to accept the change and exit out of Free Transform mode. The bounding box around the type will disappear:
If we look back up in the Options Bar, we see that Photoshop has automatically updated the Font Size option with our new type size: